Migrant workers are sometimes referred to as the backbone of the U.S. agricultural industry. So, what would happen to farms without these immigrants?
Opportunity or Exploitation: The Bracero Program
“Over the program’s 22-year life, more than 4.5 million Mexican nationals were legally contracted for work in the United States (some individuals returned several times on different contracts).”
Hiring Locally for Farm Work Is No Cure-All
“The H-2A program, in particular, in trying to avoid displacing American citizens from jobs, strongly encourages farmers to hire locally if they can, with a requirement that they advertise in at least three states. That forces participants to take huge risks in guessing where a moving target might land – how many locals, how many foreigners – often with an entire season’s revenue at stake.”
United States Farmworker Factsheet
“Despite farmworkers’ economic and cultural contributions to the communities where they live and work, they continue to be the some of the lowest paid, least protected, and unhealthiest workers in the United States.”
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