What Does Bone Marrow Actually Do?

Bone marrow transplants are known to save lives, but how? What makes bone marrow so special?

Bone Marrow Transplant Cures HIV? https://youtu.be/DGBCfBZl-GQ
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Bone Marrow Transplant Overview
http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/surgery/bone-marrow-transplant/overview.html
“A bone marrow transplant is a procedure to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. Bone marrow is the soft, fatty tissue inside your bones. Stem cells are immature cells in the bone marrow that give rise to all of your blood cells.”

What Is Bone Marrow?
https://www.ucsfbenioffchildrens.org/education/what_is_bone_marrow/
“Bone marrow is a spongy substance found in the center of the bones. It manufactures bone marrow stem cells and other substances, which in turn produce blood cells. Each type of blood cell made by the bone marrow has an important job.”

Blacks Face Bone Marrow Donor Shortage
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=128173149
“Bone marrow transplants are often the only treatment for blood-related cancers. The treatment, however, is dependent on the patient finding a donor who shares a similar genetic makeup. In most cases, that means the match is found in someone of the same race. But the black community has a particularly tough time attracting donors.”
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