A robust, thick, human jawbone with large molars was found by a fisherman in Taiwan. Scientists believe the artifact could belong to an ancient hobbit-like human from at least 10,000 years ago, but experts are not sure.
According to the study, radiocarbon dating failed due to a lack of collagen and laser-ablation U-series dating had limited success because of uranium overprint in the seawater. So in all honesty we do not accurately know the age of the fossil. Certain environment conditions have been known to effect the fossilization process.
Researchers while brainstorming discussed the possibility that the bone belongs to a hominin species that predates modern man’s arrival in Asia.
“We need other skeletal parts to evaluate the degree of its uniqueness,” study co-author Yousuke Kaifu, a paleoanthropologist at Japan’s National Museum of Nature and Science, told Live Science.
Dating such an artifact is a near impossible task because it had been at the bottom of the sea for so long. Researchers believe this maybe a new form of humanoid being. DNA testing is even more difficult do to the condition of the artifact.
The report published:
Recent studies of an increasing number of hominin fossils highlight regional and chronological diversities of archaic Homo in the Pleistocene of eastern Asia. However, such a realization is still based on limited geographical occurrences mainly from Indonesia, China and Russian Altai. Here we describe a newly discovered archaic Homo mandible from Taiwan (Penghu 1), which further increases the diversity of Pleistocene Asian hominins. Penghu 1 revealed an unexpectedly late survival (younger than 450 but most likely 190–10 thousand years ago) of robust, apparently primitive dentognathic morphology in the periphery of the continent, which is unknown among the penecontemporaneous fossil records from other regions of Asia except for the mid-Middle Pleistocene Homo from Hexian, Eastern China. Such patterns of geographic trait distribution cannot be simply explained by clinal geographic variation of Homo erectus between northern China and Java, and suggests survival of multiple evolutionary lineages among archaic hominins before the arrival of modern humans in the region.
“The new Taiwan mandible is clearly different than the known Homo erectus populations from northern China and Java, and likely represents a group that has been unrecognized so far,” researcher Dr. Yousuke Kaifu told CNN. “It’s only one piece, but the significance is huge.”
Still, researchers aren’t prepared to make any definitive judgement as to the jawbone’s place on the evolutionary tree of early man since there is insufficient scientific data.
Humans generally evolved smaller jaws and teeth, but the new fossil from Taiwan appears larger and more robust than older Homo erectus fossils from Java and northern China.
The findings reminded me that our knowledge is always very limited, and we have very limited fossil records,” said Kaifu. “That’s a great lesson for me.”
Could this be another form of humnaoid thater than a missing link? Last year we saw a similar discovery when the Paracas skull DNA came back as a completely different species.
The fossilized human jawbone discovered by a Taiwanese fisherman was originally sold to an antique shop, then recovered by researchers.
All researchers should be held to the same standards. If non-traditional researchers found an artifact and made these claims with insufficient data they would be looked at with skepticism and most likely ridiculed, as you see with researchers such as Scott Wolter and Jim Vieira, Klaus Dona and many others.